Historical DATA 

History of Population Census conducted in PNG

The first attempt at a statistically designed national population census was in 1966. Due to high cost involved, only 10 per cent sample of rural villages were included to estimate size and characteristics of the entire population. Similar methodology was used for 1971 census. These two censuses were conducted during the Australian Administration. Before that time the only available population estimates were obtained from the village census books, maintained under the Kiap System providing rough age and sex totals for each village but were particularly used for taxation and electoral purposes.

Below is the brief information and justification of the 1966 Census in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea.

  • The birth population census for Territory of Papua and New Guinea was in July 1966.

  • Prior to the 1966 Census, enumeration of the population at Census in Territory of Papua and New Guinea was carried out as an adjunct to Australian Census and was restricted to non-indigenous persons owing to the difficulty of enumerating the indigenous.

  • Due to the increasing need of reliable statistics of population and its characteristics by administrators and planners, steps were taken in 1966 to extend the census of Papua and New Guinea to include the indigenous population.

  • As a result of enumeration of the rural village population was restricted to a sample of 10%of the rural villages in the Territory, i.e. about 1200 rural villages.

  • Information collected for the non-indigenous population relates to a single point of time, namely, the Census Night of 30 June 1966. In addition, apart from a small number of special exceptions, particularly personnel engaged in the taking of the census, the non-indigenous population was enumerated on a "-de facto' rather than a "de jure basis i.e. they were counted where they slept on the night of 3rd June 1966 rather than where they usually reside.

  • For the indigenous population practical difficulties of illiteracy and physical remoteness has meant that the information collected at the census does not relate to a single point of time. Therefore, for all indigenous persons "Census Night” was the night before commencement of enumeration at particular locations.

 

 Although  the  figures  for  the  indigenous population do not  relate precisely  to  a  single  point  of  time  by  far  the  greater  part  of the enumeration  was carried out between 20th June and 9th July and the least permanently settled groups were interviewed as close to the night of 30th June as possible.

Read more about the history below or download a brief summary of all census since 1966 and onwards.

PNG Census - A Historical Journey

1966

2,184,986

  • Papua New Guinea’s first attempted National Population Census was in 1966.

 

  • The 1966 census was conducted during the Australian Administration.

 

  • The country’s population growth rate at that time was below 2 percent.

 

  • Before 1966, the only available population statistics were in estimates recorded in village census books under the ‘kiap’ system. The records roughly provided age and gender totals for every villages.

 

The census results for 1966 were particularly used for taxation and electoral purposes.

1980

2,978,057

  • It was after Papua New Guinea’s Independence that the first entire count of the population was carried out in 1980.

 

  • Between 1980 and 1990, the country’s population growth rate was at less than 2 percent.

 

  • The 1980 census presented the country’s total citizen population at 2,978,057 by which 1,557,077 were males and 1,420,980 females.

 

  • The country’s total non-citizen population stood at 32,670.

 

  • Total of urban population remained at 365,547 and total rural population at 2,612,510.

1990

3,582,333

  • The 1990 census was the most ambitious.  As in the 1980 census, every person in Papua New Guinea at the time of the census was counted.

 

  • The demand for census information grew continually posing the need to advance the census data collection methods.

 

  • Census data processing and analyzing instruments were improved in response to meeting the growing user need.

 

  • The Population growth rate between 1980 and 1990 was at 2.2 percent.

 

  • The 1990 census presented the country’s total citizen population at 3,582,333 by which 1,887,867 were males and 1,694,466 females.

 

The country’s total non-citizen population was at 25,621.

2000

5,171,548

  • The 2000 National Population and Housing Census operation was bigger and better than the 1990 Population and Hosing Census in PNG.

 

  • The census was carried out following the passing of an Organic Law which required the devolution of many planning tasks to the provinces to enable provincial support in the census.

 

  • The devolution of planning tasks to the provinces was done in response to high demand for data at the provincial, district, and ward levels.

 

  • The focus of the 2000 census was to achieve complete coverage and count of every person in PNG.

 

  • The 2000 census presented the country’s total citizen population at 5,171,548 by which 2,679,769 were males and 2,491,779 females.

 

The country’s total non-citizen population stood at 19,235.

2011

7,254,442

  • PNG’s fourth and the recent census was carried out in 2011. It was planned to be conducted in 2010, however, was deferred to 2011 to allow for ample  preparation.

 

  • The population growth rate between 2000 and 2011 was at 3.1 percent which has increased by 0.2 percent from the last census at 2.9 percent.

 

  • The 2011 census presented the country’s total citizen population at 7,254,442 by which 3,757,198 were males and 3,497,244 females.

 

  • The country’s total non-citizen population was at 20,882.

 

  • The population growth rate between 2011 and 2020 will be determined in the upcoming census-2020 census.

2020

NOW IS THE BEGINNING OF THE 2020 NATIONAL POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS!

“BE COUNTED! NO ONE LEFT BEHIND”

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